Exodus 29:36, "And thou shalt offer every day a bullock [for] a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it."
Leviticus 12:8, "And if she be not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean."
Leviticus 8:15, "And he slew [it]; and Moses took the blood, and put [it] upon the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the blood at the bottom of the altar, and sanctified it, to make reconciliation upon it."
2 Chronicles 29:24, "And the priests killed them, and they made reconciliation with their blood upon the altar, to make an atonement for all Israel: for the king commanded [that] the burnt offering and the sin offering should be made for all Israel."
Romans 5:9-11, “Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. , For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. And not only [so], but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.”
Hebrews 9:13-14, "For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"
Acts 3:19, “Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord;”
Ephesians 1:7, “In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;”
1 Peter 3:18, "For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God.”
1 Peter 1:18-19, "Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things… but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot"
1 John 1:7, "The blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin"
Isaiah 59:2, "But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear."
Revelation 3:4, "They shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy."
2 Types of Atonement:
1. daily atonement (for forgiveness of sins)- individual sins of an Israelite or congregational sin committed as a whole nation
2. yearly atonement (for blotting out sins)
A - requires confession -
Numbers 5:6-7, “Speak unto the children of Israel, When a man or woman shall commit any sin that men commit, to do a trespass against the LORD, and that person be guilty. Then they shall confess their sin which they have done: and he shall recompense his trespass with the principal thereof, and add unto it the fifth part thereof, and give it unto him against whom he hath trespassed.”
Romans 3:20, "for by the law is the knowledge of sin."
Leviticus 4:23, "Or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his knowledge; he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a male without blemish:"
B - The process (Leviticus 4:22-26; Leviticus 4:5-10)
- The sinner will bring the animal to the door of the tabernacle into the outer court
- He will then lay his hand on its head, confess his sins
- He will kill the victim with his owns hands
- The priest will take the blood with his fingers and put the blood in the altar of burnt offerings.
- The high priest will take some blood and bring it into the holy place and with his finger sprinkle the blood before the veil of the sanctuary
- He will put some blood into the altar of incense
Hebrews 9:12, "Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption [for us]."
Hebrews 9:14, "How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?"
Mark 10:45, “For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.”
Type: Blood of animal sacrifice for the atonement of sins
Antitype: Christ's own blood on the cross for our atonement
The Leper healed (healed and cleansed) - Mark 1:41-44, "And Jesus, moved with compassion, put forth [his] hand, and touched him, and saith unto him, I will; be thou clean. And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was cleansed. And he straitly charged him, and forthwith sent him away; And saith unto him, See thou say nothing to any man: but go thy way, show thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them."